Psychology

by (8th ed.)
ISBN-10 0393116824 ISBN-13 9780393116823
1541 Flashcards en notities
159 Studenten
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Samenvatting - Psychology

  • 1 Evolution and the biological roots of behavior

  • Waarom is het van belang om de evolutie van het brein te leren kennen

    bla bla bal

  • evolutionair kijken naar het brein laat zien welke functies zich vroeger dan wel later hebben ontwikkeld

  • 1.1 Making Observations

  • What is a variable?

    Any characteristic whose value can change

  • What do we look for in psychology?
    Variables that seem linked to each other.
  • What is a testable hypothesis?

    A prediction that has been formulated specifically enough so that it is clear what observations would confirm the prediction and what observations would challenge it.

  • What is a variable?
    Any characteristic whose values can change
  • What is an operational definition?

    A definition that translates the variable we want to assess into a specific procedure or measurement.

  • It's important that for the operational definition to have construct validity- that us, it must truly reflect the variable named in our hypothesis.

  • What is a dependent variable?

    The variable that is measured or recorded in an experiment.

  • What is an independent variable?

    The variable that the experimenter manipulates as a basis for making predictions about the dependent variable.

  • The populations is defined as the entire group about which the investigator wants to draw conclusions.

  • The subset of the population that the investigator studies in order to learn about the population at large is called a sample.

  • What is random sampling?

    A procedure in which every member of the population has an equal chance of being picked to participate in a study.

  • How do we call an intensive study of one person?

    Case study

  • The degree to which a study's participants, stimuli, and procedures adequately reflect the world as it actually is, is called?

    external validity

  • What are a study's demand characteristics?

    The cues in a study that might tell a research participant what behaviors are expected or desirable in that setting.

  • The technique of assigning participants to experimental conditions while keeping both the participants and the researchers unaware of who is assigned to which group is called?

    Double-blind design

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  • 1.1.2 Systematically collecting data

  • What is confirmation bias?
    People's tendendcy to recall evidence that confirms their views more easily than they can recall evidence to the contrary.
  • What is anecdotal evidence?
    Evidence that involves just one or two cases, has been informally collected and is now informally reported. 
  • What's important in collecting data?
    -We need to record the data in some neutral and objective way.
    -Our data collection has to be systematic
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Voorbeelden van vragen in deze samenvatting

ahj+pdfoighahdg=
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Waarom is het van belang om de evolutie van het brein te leren kennen
13
What is a variable?
12
What is a testable hypothesis?
12
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