Exploring Intercultural Communication Language in Action

by (2013)
ISBN-10 1136029761 ISBN-13 9781136029769
566 Flashcards en notities
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Samenvatting - Exploring Intercultural Communication Language in Action

  • 1.1 Culture and language learning and teaching (Does learning a language mean learning a culture?)

  • What does learning another language inevitably exposes the learner to?
    Facts and practices of a society or community where the target language is used.
  • What is the primary motivation for learning their language for many language learners?
    Learning about the cultural traditions and practises of other people.
  • What is another reason to learn a language?
    Language learning provides an opportunity to interact with the people whose language they are learning and to understand their culture and traditions.
  • 1.1.1 Teaching culture as content

  • What does the culture-as-content approach to language teaching focus on?
    It focuses on getting to know the language community and developing cultural awareness through fact finding.
  • What was culture-as-content language teaching very much limited to in the early days?
    Literature, history and geography.
  • What did Kramsch (1991) call literature, history and geography?
    The four Fs, i.e. food, fairs, folklore and statistical facts.
  • What does Culture with a Capital C (Brooks, 1960) refer to?
    Art, music, literature, politics, etc.
  • What does culture with a small c (Brooks, 1960) refer to?
    The behavioural patterns and lifestyles of everyday people, which is less visible, but equally significant, if not more so.
  • What did Nostrand (1967, 1974) believe?
    A culture is characterised by certain core elements such as values, traits and worldviews. He proposed an inventory of themes under the categories of culture, society, ecology, and the individual personality as a way of discovering patterns in feelings, beliefs, and thought processes of members of the target culture.
  • Which practical teaching techniques have been developed to raise the learner's cultural awareness as part of language (Hughes, 1986; Risager, 2007)?
    • Culture capsule
    • Culture assimilators
    • Culture island
    • Drama
  • 1.1.1.1 Culture capsule

  • What is the culture capsule technique?
    It encourages explicit discussion of the difference between one's own culture and the target language culture, facilitated by visual illustrations of the differences. The visual illustrations and a summary of the discussion will be put into a capsule for later use.
  • 1.1.1.2 Culture assimilators

  • What is the culture assimilators technique?
    It takes the form of scenario-based questions and answers. In each scenario, a critical incident of intercultural communication is described and a number of possible explanations are given.
  • 1.1.1.3 Culture island

  • What is the culture island technique?
    It aims to raise one's awareness about cultural differences through decorating the classroom with posters, pictures, or anything else that remind students of the target language culture, and encouraging students to think and talk about them.
  • 1.1.1.4 Drama

  • What is the drama technique?
    It provides an opportunity for students to act out intercultural interactions in which misunderstandings take place, and then to explore possible explanations and solutions in the classroom.
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