Samenvatting Classics of Moral and Political Theory (Fifth Edition)

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ISBN-10 1603847251 ISBN-13 9781603847254
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Samenvatting Classics of Moral and Political Theory (Fifth Edition)

Michael L. Morgan

(2011)

ISBN-10 1603847251

ISBN-13 9781603847254

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Samenvatting - Classics of Moral and Political Theory (Fifth Edition)

  • 1 kaartjes belangrijke quotes

  • Justice can be a characteristic of an individual or of a community (...) We may therefor find justice on a larger scale in the lager entity, and so easier to recognize
    Socrates
  • Right is "to give every man his due"
    Cephalus/polemarchus
  • They do so under compulsion and not because they think it is good
    Glaucon/Adeimantus
  • Another kind of good which we desire, both for itself and for its consequences
    Socrates
  • A well-run society [is like] the human body, in which the whole is aware of the feelings of the part
    Plato
  • ... although the young may be experts in geometry and mathematics and similar branches of knowledge, we do not consider that a young man can het Prudence. The reason is that Prudence includes a knowledge of particular facts, and this is derived form experience, which a young mand does not possess; for experience is the fruit of years
    Aristoteles
  • There are some things the lack of which takes the lustre from happiness, such as good birth, goodly children, beauty
    aristoteles
  • Nature, as we say, does nothing without some purpose
    aristoteles
  • Nature is itself an end; for whatever is the end-product of the coming into existence of any object, that is what we call its nature.
    aristoteles
  • In all their actions all men do in fact aim at what they think good
    Aristoteles
  • As all associations aim at some good, that association which is the most sovereign among them... we call the state...
    1. That which is the 'good' of a thing makes for its preservation
    2. While that state came about as a means of securing life itself, it continues in being to secure the good life
    aristoteles
  • It is not by means of external goods that men acquire and keep the virus, but the other way round
    aristoteles
  • it is impossible for those who do niet do good actions to do well, and there is no such thing as a man's or a state's good action without virtue and practical wisdom
    Aristoteles
  • nature does nothing without a purpose
    Aristoteles
  • man is by nature a political animal
    Aristoteles
  • ... the state has a natural priority over the household and over any individual among us. For the whole must be prior to the part.
    Aristoteles
  • The fourth alternative, that the respectable should rule and have sovereign power over everything, means that all the rest must be without esteem, being debarred form the honor of holding office under the constitution.
    Aristoteles
  • For without these additions it is not possible for the state to be managed, More exactly, whereas without free population and wealth there cannot be a state at all, without justice and virtue it cannot be managed well
    Aristoteles
  • For it is possible that the many, no one of whom taken singly is a sound man, may yet, taken all together, be better than te few, not individually but collectively, in the same way that a feast to which all contribute is better than one supplied at one man's expense.
    aristoteles
  • While it is possible for one man or a few to be outstanding in point of virtue, it is difficult for a larger number to reach a high standard in all forms of virtue...
    Aristoteles
  • Grace does not do away with nature but perfects it
    Aquino
  • Because man living according to virtue is ordained to a higher end, which consists in the enjoyment of God ... there should be the same end for a multitude of men as for one man. The final end of a congregated multitude, therefore, is not to live according to virtue, but through a virus life to arrive at the enjoyment of God.
    Aquino
  • is nothing else than god's wise plan for directing every movement and action in creation
    aquino
  • is the rational creature's participation in the eternal law.
    aquino
  • A low of nature, lex naturalis, is a precept, or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life ... and to omit that with he thinketh it may be preserved
    Hobbes
  • The true doctrine of the laws of nature is the true moral philosophy
    Hobbes
  • "Copernicus" hypothesis of the earth's diurnal motion was the invention of te ancients"
    Hobbes
  • "There was noting certain in natural philosophy but every man's experiments to himself (...) But since these, astronomy and natural philosophy in genera have for so little time, been extraordinarily advanced by Joannes Keplerus, Petrus Gaddendus and Maurinus Mersennus"
    Hobbes
  • Civil Philosophy [is] yet much younger, as being no older (I say it provoked, and that my detractors may know how little they have wrought upon me) than my own book De Cive"
    Hobbes
  • "By Manners, I mean not here decency of behavior; as how one man should salute another, or how a man should wash his mouth, or pick his teeth before company, and such other points of the small morals; but those qualities of making that concern their lining together in peace and unity. To which end we are to consider that the felicity of this life consisteth not in the repose of a mind satisfied. For there is no such finis ultimus (utmost aim) nor summum bonus (greatest good) as misspoken of in the books of the old moral philosophers"
    Hobbes
  • "Good en evil are names that signify our appetites and aversions; which in different tempers, customs and doctrines of men, are different"
    Hobbes
  • Every man by nature seeketh his own benefit and promotion "
    Hobbes
  • Oorlog stamt van "trifles, as a word, a smile, a different opinion, and any other sign of undervalue"
    Hobbes
  • En waar oorlog is, daar is het leven "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short"
    Hobbes
  • "There is another saying... by which they might learn truly to read one another, if they would take the pains; and that is, nose teipsum, read thy self, which was [meant]... to teach us that for the similitude of the thoughts and passions of another whosoever looked into himself and considerate what he doth, when he does think, opine, reason, hope, feat &c, and upon what grounds, he shall thereby read and know, what are the thoughts and passions of all other men upon the like occasions"
    Hobbes
  • A law of nature, lex naturals, is a precept, or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life... and to omit that by which he thinketh it may be best preserved"
    Hobbes
  • "Hobbes's leviathan is the greatest single word of political thought in the English language"
    John Rawls over de Leviathan
  • "For it can never be that war shall preserve life, and peace destroy it"
    Hobbes
  • Nature: "The art whereby God hath made and governs the world"
    Hobbes
  • "Of the voluntary acts of every man, the object is soms good tot himself"
    Hobbes
  • "Art goes yet further, imitating that rational and most excellent work of Nature, man. For by art is created that great Leviathan called a Commonwealth or state, which is but an artificial man"
    Hobbes
  • "The notions of right and wrong, justice and injustice, have there no place. Where there is no common power, there is no law; where nog law, no injustice"
    Hobbes
  • "In such a condition every an has o right to every thing, even to one another's body"
    Hobbes
  • "Every man has a right to every thing, even to one another's body"
    Hobbes
  • "Sudden glory is the passion which taketh those grimaces called laughter; and is caused either by some sudden act of their own that pleaseth them; or by the apprehension of soms deformed thing in another, by comparison where of  they suddenly applaud themselves"
    Hobbes
  • "The object of man's desire it not to enjoy once only... But to assure forever the way to his future desire"
    Hobbes
  • "The introduction of that restraint upon themselves' that is a commonwealth, for the sake of getting themselves out from that miserable condition of war, which is necessarily consequent (...) to the natural passions of men.."
    Hobbes
  • "When taking a journey, he arms himself and seeks to go well accompanied; when going to sleep, he locks his doors; when even in his house he locks his chests; and this when he knows there be laws and public officers, armd to revenge al injuries shall be done him; what opinion he has of his fellow subjects, when he rides armed; of his fellow citizens, when he locks his doors; and of his children, and servant, when he locks his chests. Does he not there as much accuse mankind by his actions as I do by my words"
    Hobbes
  • "During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man. For war consisteth not in battle only, or the act of fighting, but in a tract of time, wherein the will to contend by battle is sufficiently known"
    Hobbes
  • "So that in the nature of man, we find three principal causes quarrel. First, competition; secondly, diffidence; thirdly, glory"
    Hobbes
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Voorbeelden van vragen in deze samenvatting

Justice can be a characteristic of an individual or of a community (...) We may therefor find justice on a larger scale in the lager entity, and so easier to recognize
2
Right is "to give every man his due"
2
They do so under compulsion and not because they think it is good
2
Another kind of good which we desire, both for itself and for its consequences
2
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