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Summary - Yes
01 Lesson 1
What is Factual entertainment?Making television programs out of reality. Daily life or people are exposed. There are many ways to classify them. Reality and factual entertainment not the same. Documentaries, no informative intention. Not made to inform but to entertain.
How can you classify Factual entertainmentMakeover, celebrities, contrived reality TV or experiment programs, reality game shows, docusoap or docudrama or dramality; docureality, court show, infotainment, hidden camera, domestic videos, talk shows, reality-based documentary, crimetime, accidents and emergencies programmes, reality shows.
What changes has TV gone through?- It was originally in the studio because outside was too expensive
- Transmission methods have evolved
- Low cost equipment
- Equipment is much easier to use
- Easier distibution ( different media don['t really compete, series made for tv can be seen on the internet or the other way around)
- Various media to watch products
Name some audiovisual productsTelevision (Broadcast medium with a regular public service that gives shows)
Video ( non broadcast)
Film ( Things that are shown or made to be shown on a big screen)
What's the difference between Linear service and non linear service?Linear service (TV because the broadcasting is decided by the network, platform doesn't matter)
Non Linear service ( New media; making programmes available for on demand delivery; different topics)
Demand makes the difference between linear and non linear service
What is Television Production?The translation process from an idea to image
Which elements are involved in television production?(10)• Ideas (everything begins with ideas)
• Decision making
Which questions do you ask before production?(7)What do I want to produce?
What do I need?
Which humans do I need?
When will I need them and for how long?
Where do I need them?
How much will all those means cost?
How am I going to control the production cost?
Which questions do you ask after production?Is it how I want or thought to be?
Is the consumer satisfied?
Broadcast programmers... tell me more
- Initially just filling a few hours each evening
- Programmers sat citizens in front of Tv sets. they have to know the audience to place products. Tv programmers deliver programs to audience, and audience to advertisers. “Good show, bad time slot”
What 3 things does programming depend on?Planning: what station
Marketing: Take into consideration the consumer
Grids: They have to do with ratings.
What intentions do the programs have?(5)- Inform
- Promote (programs produced to promote its own shows)
Which formats do TV programs have?- Some are structured(non fiction),
- Entertainment(shows; presentation, play, film, series=representation,
- Artistic performance (concert).
What content can tv programs have?(6)- Non fiction
- News and current affairs
- Leisure hobby lifestyle
- Fiction drama
How could you classify an audience target group?General, age groups, social/regional/ minority groups, occupational groups, other special interests, special audience, children, gender, educational standard, Geographical, life stages, language.
Production modeCinema, tv, online distribution, on location, in studio, live, edited
offline distribution, audiovisual product (CD, DVD)
Content alertTell the people what it contains, sex, language barriers, disturbing scenes, killing, nudity, discrimination, drugs, strobing images.
Educational groupsTo educate adults, children, for university students and others(english programs, computers, technology and languages)
Drama(8)1. Dramafiction series
3. sitcoms(humor, family products) Modern Family, friends,
4. Sketch comedy: produced in a studio with one or two location and very feww characters. dialogues are very important
5. Soap operas: telenovelas
6. tv movies: only made for television
7. short films
8. films: like kabhi khushi kabhi gham broadcasted in two parts because its too long
Entertaining programs1. Television
2. provide good audience
3. games ( do something to win: grand prix, physical things)
4. competitions shows
5. quiz shows: ask questions (pasa palabras)
6. call shows call to win
7. variety shows: different sections, singers, comedian
8. music shows
9. jokes programs( joking famous people)
10. magazine: the roast off justin bieber, Jimmy kimmel, el ornero, the real daytime
11. interview programs:
12. debate shows: informational, discussing a certain topic
13. paranormal programs:
14. talkshows: guests talk about their dayly life, oprah winfrey
15. talent shows: idols, the voice of holland, Got talent, so you think you can dance,
Music1. opera classic music
2. ballet dance
3. music programs e.g a mi manera
4. video clips ( HIT TV)
Despertador 7.30 - 9.00
Acceso sobremesa 13.00-15.00
Tarde 18.00-20.00 18.00-2100
Acceso prime time 20.00-21.00 20.00-22.30
Prime time 21.00-00.00 22.30-00.00
Difference between vertically and horizontally tv grids?◦ horizontally, across the board( the news always starts from three oclock everyday of the week)
◦ Vertically (Same program every other day)
What is counterprogramming?To show something different to the main audience.
In Broadcast programming, counterprogramming is the practice of offering television programs to attract an audience from another television station airing a major event. It is also referred when programmers offer something different from the rival’s program as an alternative, to increase the audience size.
Name the progrmming strategies. (16)- Stripping ( A program that always has a problem - series)
- Checkerboard programs of the same genre ( different soap operas a day)
- Head to head ( You are so sure about your program you accept competing with another channel, you dont mind showing it at the same time or day for example idols on ned 3 and tvoh on rtl4)
- Block programming (similar programs back to back )
- Duplex ( two episodes of the same serie)
- Theming (depends on the same holidays or special events; divinity broadcasted only love and romance movies on san valentin)
- Marathons: a channel broadcasts6 episodes of the same tv series.
- The Hammock effect ( big program -> small program two different shows intended for the same audience so if you have a new program it starts when the old one finishes)
- Tent-Poling: I
- Hotswitching put to important and most viewed programs one after eachother so people will remain seated
- Bridging ( is when you put a strong program first and then the less heavy program)
- Cross programming
- Stunting (change your programming because of large events because they know nobody is going to watch that program)
What's the difference between duplicated and unduplicated audience?Gross/duplicated audience: All the people that have watched a program, tv or spot commercial. Counting everytime they sit. Duplicated the same commercial watched more than once
Net/ undiplacted audience:
Net unduplicated audience is the combined cumulative audience that is exposed to a telecast or advertisement atleast once in a specific period. It gives the absolute number of the audience who are exposed to a particular telecast or advertisement. The count should be unduplicated irrespective of the number of exposures of the insertion on any number of vehicles.
Difference between audience, rating and sharesAudience (number of viewers) (numerical)
Rating % (related to the overall potential viewers) counts people who aren’t even watching tv.
Share % (related to people watching tv at that moment watching a certain program) measuring if the program is succesful
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Example questions in this summary
What is Factual entertainment?
How can you classify Factual entertainment
What changes has TV gone through?
Name some audiovisual products