Class notes - Maatschappijleer

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Samenvatting - Class notes - Maatschappijleer

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  • What is a social problem ?
    A problem that influences large groups in society, is caused by social developments, that involves opposing interests, and has to be solved jointly
  • What are conflicts of interests ?
    That people have different interests, and therefore want different things 
  • What does a formateur do ?
    He appoints the ministers
  • What does the informateur do ?
    He looks at which parties are willing to work together, and he makes the coalition agreement
  • When is a law accepted in the lower and upper chamber ?
    When the majority votes yes
  • What is in the coalition agreement ?
    the outline of the government policy
  • What is in the king's speech ?
    It announces the budget
  • When is something a political problem ?
    When new rules are needed to solve a problem
  • What is a welfare state ?
    That the government takes care of the people (who aren't able to work)
  • What is the rule of law ?
    That the law rules the country, and decides what happens in a country
  • What is a pluralist society ?
    A society that consists of different cultures
  • What are moral standards ?
    Rules of behaviour in terms of evil and good
  • What are values ?
    principles people in a society find important and worth pursuing
  • What are standards ?
    Standards come from values, and it are the rules of behaviour
  • What are ideals ?
    Values that can be explained in concrete terms and that we very much want to realize
  • What is social power ?
    The power to influence the behaviour of people
  • What are examples of sources of power ?
  • What is an authority ?
    Someone who has formal power ( -> it is embedded in rules and laws)
  • What kind of rules are there ?
    Legal rules
    Moral rules
    Social rules
  • What are legal rules ?
    Rules of behaviour that is written down in law
  • Why are there legal rules ?
    Efficiency, ensuring clear arrangements
    Moral awareness, rules reflecting our moral standards
  • What are social rules ?
    Unwritten rules that show you what is normal behaviour
  • What are moral rules ?
    Unwritten rules in terms of good and evil
  • Which two political rights do Dutch citizens have when they turn 18 ?
    The right to vote and the right to be eligible for elections
  • What does the secret ballot do ?
    It is a voting procedure that prevents anyone from examining how individual citizens cast their votes
  • How does proportional representation work ?
    the % of votes you get, is the % of seats you get
  • What is a quota ?
    The number of votes needed for one seat
  • How does an electoral threshold work ?
    The parties must win a minimum % of votes to qualify for a seat
  • How does voting in a district system work ?
    The country is divided into districts. The candidate getting the majority of the votes is elected to the national government
  • What is a disadvantage of the district system ?
    The votes given to a loser will be completely lost
  • What does the party leader do ?
    It is the person heading the list of candidates. It is the party's public image
  • Do you vote for a party or a person ?
    You vote for a person
  • What does preference voting mean ?
    It means that you vote for someone else than the party leader because of preferred characteristics
  • What happens during the 'Formatie' ?
    The formateur forms a cabinet of ministers and secretaries of state
  • In order to make a coalition agreement, what do both parties have to do ?
    They have to make compromises
  • What kind of motions can the lower house give ?
    Motion of sadness (treurnis)
    Motion of censure
    Motion of no confidence
  • What happens when the lower house gives a motion of no confidence ?
    Usually the minister steps down
  • What happens when the cabinet has fallen ?
    It becomes an outgoing cabinet. They are not allowed to make new plans, but will only deal with current and urgent affairs
  • What does the government consist of ?
    Of the king/queen and the ministers
  • What does the cabinet consist of ?
    The ministers and the secretaries of state
  • What do ministers do ?
    They make new policies/try to solve problems on the area appointed to them
  • What do secretaries of state do ?
    They help the ministers, although they don't replace the minister when he is absent
  • What is the council of ministers ?
    All the ministers together
  • What is a minister without portofolio ?
    When a minister does not have a ministry of his own
  • What do civil servants do ?
    They prepare bills and give advice to the minister
  • What are the tasks of the king ?
    Signing all laws that are passed
    Reading the king's speech
    Appointing ministers and (in)formateurs
    Having regular consultations with the prime minister
  • What is ministerial responsibility ?
    That the king can not be held responsible for any political statements he makes
  • What is a bill ?
    It is a  design for a law
  • What is a nouvelle ?
    A separate, supplementary bill, which is used for shortcomings in the original bill
  • When does a bill obtain the status of law ?
    When it is written in the Bulletin of Acts and Decrees
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Example questions in this summary

What is a social problem ?
What are conflicts of interests ?
What does a formateur do ?
What does the informateur do ?
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