Class notes - Juridisch Engels

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Samenvatting - Class notes - Juridisch Engels

  • 1457996400 Week 3

  • What is substantive law?
    It refers to the body of rules that determines the rights and obligations of individuals and collective bodies.
  • What is procedural law?
    It refers to the body of legal rules that govern the process for determining the rights of parties.
  • Punishable acts are either...
    indictable (serious) offences or summary (minor) offences.
  • What is an indictable offence?
    An indictable offence is a more serious criminal offence that carries longer maximum sentences and higher fines.
    These crimes include murder, manslaughter, burglary, arson, conspiracy, fraud and other major crimes, as well as attempts to commit them.
  • What is a summary offence?
    Summary offences (overtredingen) (traffic violations, disturbing peace, etc.) are less serious than indictable offences and the penalties that can be imposed are not as great.
  • Name 4 principal punishments (hoofdstraffen) that exist under Dutch law:
    1. Imprisonment
    2. A fine (of a higher amount)
    3. Community service (taakstraf)
    4. Detention: could be a summary offence or an indictable offence, it's no longer than 2 years.
  • Name 4 additional punishments:
    1. Deprivation of specific rights
    2. Confiscation (inbeslagneming)
    3. Placement under entrustment order with or without compulsory treatment (TBS)
    4. Committal to a psychiatric hospital
  • Bewindvoerder =
    Administrator
  • Na 14 dagen =
    After a fortnight
  • Een andere mogelijkheid =
    Alternatively
  • Vriendschappelijk, vriendelijk =
    Amicable
  • Voor de rechter verschijnen =
    To appear in court
  • Benoemen =
    To appoint
  • Activa =
    Assets
  • Gerechtsdeurwaarder =
    Bailiff
  • Faillissement =
    Bankruptcy
  • Vervallen =
    To become barred
  • Kantongerecht =
    Cantonal Court
  • Een zaak die door de rechter behandeld is =
    Case dealt in court with
  • Van geval tot geval =
    Case-by-case
  • Werkdruk =
    Caseload
  • Sector civiel van de rechtbank =
    Civil Section of th District Court
  • Schadevordering =
    A claim for damages
  • Dagvaarding =
    A claim form
  • Vordering =
    A claim
  • Eiser =
    A claimant
  • Het faillissement opheffen wegens gebrek aan baten:
    To close the bankruptcy for lack of assets
  • Procedure op tegenspraak =
    A contentious procedure
  • Rechtspersoon =
    Corporation
  • Crediteur =
    Creditor
  • Debt rescheduling =
    Schuldsanering
  • Debiteur =
    Debtor
  • Gedaagde =
    Defendant
  • Verdere uitwisseling van stukken =
    Further exchange of documents
  • Reglementaties =
    Guidelines
  • Onverwijld =
    Immediately
  • Schriftelijk =
    In writing
  • Armlastig =
    Indigent
  • Een procedure starten =
    To instigate proceedings
  • Instelling, orgaan =
    Institution
  • Uitspraak na conclusie van antwoord en comparitie na antwoord =
    Judgment passed after a defence and post-defence appearance
  • Verhuurder en huurder =
    In court landlord-tenant
  • Bewegingsvrijheid =
    Leeway
  • Liquideren, te gelde maken =
    To liquidate
  • Curator =
    Liquidator
  • Procederende partijen =
    Litigants
  • Moratorium =
    Moratorium
  • Hypotheeknemer =
    Mortgagee
  • Mondelinge conclusie van antwoord =
    Oral defence
  • Concurrent schuldeiser =
    Ordinary creditor
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Example questions in this summary

What is substantive law?
2
What is procedural law?
2
Punishable acts are either...
2
What is an indictable offence?
2
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